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World Watching NKorea Summits          04/23 06:10

   SEOUL, South Korea (AP) -- When North Korean leader Kim Jong Un meets South 
Korean President Moon Jae-in on Friday, the world will have a single overriding 
interest: How will they address North Korea's decades-long pursuit of 
nuclear-armed missiles?

   Success, even a small one, on the nuclear front could mean a prolonged 
detente and smooth the path for a planned summit between Kim and President 
Donald Trump in May or June. Optimists hope the two summits might even result 
in a grand nuclear bargain.

   North Korea's announcement on Saturday to suspend further nuclear and 
intercontinental ballistic missile tests and close its nuclear test site raised 
hopes in Washington and Seoul for a breakthrough in the upcoming nuclear 
negotiations. However, the North's statement stopped well short of suggesting 
it has any intentions to give up its nukes or halt its production of missiles.

   Failure to reach a nuclear agreement would raise serious questions about the 
sincerity of Kim's recent outreach to Seoul and Washington and rekindle the 
fears of war that spread across the Korean Peninsula last year.

   A look at the prospects of a North Korean disarmament deal ahead of the two 
impending summits:

   ___

   INTER-KOREAN SUMMIT

   Although North Korea has expressed a willingness to have "candid" talks with 
the United States about the denuclearization of the peninsula, there's rampant 
skepticism about whether Kim will give up his nukes.

   Those weapons are the core of his authoritarian rule, a "powerful treasured 
sword" meant to neutralize U.S. nuclear threats. And the North's call for "the 
denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula" has been linked to a demand for the 
withdrawal of the 28,500 U.S. troops in South Korea.

   Kim suggested during a trip to Beijing in March that he prefers step-by-step 
disarmament in return for corresponding concessions. That, critics say, could 
allow the North to covertly continue its weapons programs while winning badly 
needed aid, which occurred during now-dormant six-nation nuclear talks from 
2003 to 2008.

   Analysts say it's likely that Kim will make similar commitments during the 
inter-Korean summit as a way of reaching out to the United States. Go 
Myong-Hyun of the Seoul-based Asan Institute for Policy Studies said Kim may 
also offer up a rough timetable for denuclearization.

   ___

   NORTH KOREA-US SUMMIT

   North Korea argues that it needs its nukes because of the U.S. military 
presence in South Korea and annual U.S.-South Korean military exercises that 
the North claims are an invasion rehearsal.

   During the two summits, Kim may demand a security guarantee for his 
government, the scrapping of what he calls U.S. hostility and the easing or 
lifting of international sanctions on the North. The Kim-Trump meeting, not the 
Korean summit, will be the main venue for dealing with nukes because the United 
States must largely determine whether to accept the North's demands.

   Kim, therefore, has an interest in making his meeting with Moon a success, 
especially following reconciliation in recent months that saw athletes from 
both countries parade together during the Pyeongchang Winter Olympics opening 
ceremony and South Korean pop stars perform in Pyongyang.

   It's much less clear how the Kim-Trump meeting will go. Trump's pick for 
secretary of state, Mike Pompeo, said recently that "no one is under any 
illusions that we will reach a comprehensive agreement." Pompeo made a secret 
trip to meet with Kim and discuss the summit in recent weeks.

   Trump seemed more optimistic after North Korea's announcement on Saturday, 
to which he responded with a tweet saying, "This is very good news for North 
Korea and the World" and "big progress!" He added that he's looking forward to 
his upcoming summit with Kim.

   U.S. officials have said they want complete, verifiable and irreversible 
disarmament by North Korea. Kim won't likely accept that anytime soon because 
he's closing in on his goal of developing nuclear missiles capable of striking 
the continental U.S. after decades of struggle and sacrifice.

   After his country's most-powerful-to-date long-range missile test in 
November, Kim said the North had "finally realized the great historic cause of 
completing the state nuclear force." Foreign experts, though, say the North 
still has a couple of technological barriers to overcome to build reliable 
intercontinental ballistic missiles.

   ___

   WHAT KIND OF DEAL?

   One disarmament step Kim might have in mind is to freeze or dismantle an 
ICBM program that poses a direct threat to the United States. Go said Kim could 
also offer to allow international nuclear inspectors back into his country and 
promise to dismantle the North's old plutonium-producing reactor at its main 
nuclear complex because it has a uranium-enrichment plant that can also 
manufacture bombs.

   North Korea could also submit a list of facilities or equipment to be 
disabled or dismantled and then allow the United States to inspect disarmament 
procedures. This process, however, could easily be disrupted if the North asks 
for excessive rewards for partial disarmament steps or the country fails to let 
outsiders inspect military bases or other sensitive places with possible 
nuclear weapons.

   Kim Taewoo, a former president of the Korea Institute for National 
Unification, also warned that a deal freezing the North's nuclear capability at 
current levels or scrapping an ICBM program while leaving intact shorter-range 
missiles that place South Korea within striking distance won't change security 
threats South Korea faces. The North already likely has the technology to mount 
atomic warheads on shorter-range missiles targeting South Korea and Japan.

   He said the two upcoming summits are a "huge gamble" for all three leaders 
if they don't produce a breakthrough. If the summits fail, the world won't 
tolerate any future Kim Jong Un charm offensive because of a belief that he 
tried to use the summits to weaken sanctions or buy time to perfect his nuclear 
program. Trump would be seen as being duped. And Moon would have to choose 
whether to risk undermining ties with Washington by continuing to improve ties 
with North Korea.


(KA)

 
 
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