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Trump Orders Halt to Separations       06/21 06:15

   Bowing to pressure from anxious allies, President Donald Trump abruptly 
reversed himself Wednesday and signed an executive order halting his 
administration's policy of separating children from their parents when they are 
detained illegally crossing the U.S. border.

   WASHINGTON (AP) -- Bowing to pressure from anxious allies, President Donald 
Trump abruptly reversed himself Wednesday and signed an executive order halting 
his administration's policy of separating children from their parents when they 
are detained illegally crossing the U.S. border.

   It was a dramatic turnaround for Trump, who has been insisting, wrongly, 
that his administration had no choice but to separate families apprehended at 
the border because of federal law and a court decision.

   The order does not end the "zero-tolerance" policy that criminally 
prosecutes all adults caught crossing the border illegally. But, at least for 
the next few weeks, it would keep families together while they are in custody, 
expedite their cases and ask the Defense Department to help house them. It also 
doesn't change anything yet for the some 2,300 children taken from their 
families since the policy was put into place.

   The news in recent days has been dominated by searing images of children 
held in cages at border facilities, as well as audio recordings of young 
children crying for their parents --- images that have sparked fury, questions 
of morality and concern from Republicans about a negative impact on their races 
in November's midterm elections.

   Until Wednesday, the president, Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen 
and other officials had repeatedly argued the only way to end the practice was 
for Congress to pass new legislation, while Democrats said Trump could do it 
with his signature alone. That's just what he did.

   "We're going to have strong, very strong borders, but we're going to keep 
the families together," said Trump, who added that he didn't like the "sight" 
or "feeling" of children separated from their parents.

   Under a previous class-action settlement that set policies for the treatment 
and release of minors caught at the border, families can only be detained for 
20 days. A senior Justice Department official said that hasn't changed.

   "This is a stopgap measure," said Gene Hamilton, counsel to the attorney 
general. Justice lawyers were planning to file a challenge to the agreement, 
known as the Flores settlement, asking that a judge allow for the detention of 
families until criminal and removal proceedings are completed.

   So Trump's order is likely to create a fresh set of problems and may well 
spark a new court fight. It's unclear what happens if no changes to law or the 
settlement take place by the time families reach the detainment deadline. The 
language also leaves room to separate children from parents if it's best for 
the child's welfare.

   And it didn't do much for the teeming outrage over the issue. The 
Alabama-based Southern Poverty Law Center said the order didn't go nearly far 

   "The administration still plans to criminalize families --- including 
children --- by holding them in prison-like detention facilities. There are 
workable alternatives," president Richard Cohen said in a statement.

   It's also unclear what will happen to the children already separated. Health 
and Human Services Secretary Alex Azar said his department will start reuniting 
detained immigrant children with their parents --- but he made no specific 
commitment on how quickly that can be accomplished. And officials said the 
cases of the children already separated and turned over to their custody would 
proceed as usual.

   Trump's family apparently played a role in his turnaround.

   A White House official said first lady Melania Trump had been making her 
opinion known to the president for some time that she felt he needed to do all 
he could to help families stay together, whether by working with Congress or 
acting on his own.

   And daughter Ivanka Trump tweeted, "Thank you @POTUS for taking critical 
action ending family separation at our border."

   Homeland Security Secretary Nielsen briefed lawmakers on Capitol Hill 
Wednesday, and those on the fence over pending immigration legislation headed 
to the White House to meet with Trump. Assessments for possible detention 
facilities at military bases have already been done in Texas and another is 
expected in Arkansas on Thursday.

   Two people close to Nielsen said she was the driving force behind the 
turnabout that led to the new order keeping families together. Those people 
were not authorized to speak publicly and commented only on condition of 

   One of them said Nielsen, who had become the face of the administration's 
policy, had little faith that Congress would act to fix the separation issue 
and felt compelled to act. She was heckled at a restaurant Tuesday evening and 
has faced protesters at her home.

   Trump had tweeted early Wednesday, before issuing his order: "It's the 
Democrats fault, they won't give us the votes needed to pass good immigration 
legislation. They want open borders, which breeds horrible crime. Republicans 
want security. But I am working on something - it never ends!"

   The "zero tolerance" policy put into place last month moves adults to the 
custody of the U.S. Marshals Service and sends many children to facilities run 
by the Department of Health and Human Services.

   The policy had led to a spike in family separations in recent weeks, with 
more than 2,300 minors separated from their families at the border from May 5 
through June 9, according to Homeland Security.

   The Flores settlement, named for a teenage girl who brought the case in the 
1980s, requires the government to release children from custody and to their 
parents, adult relatives or other caretakers, in order of preference. If those 
options are exhausted, authorities must find the "least restrictive" setting 
for a child who arrived without parents.

   Peter Schey, class-appointed counsel in the Flores case, said Wednesday 
there was nothing in the agreement that prevents Homeland Security officials 
from detaining children with their parents, "as long as the conditions of 
detention are humane and the child remains eligible for release, unless the 
child is a flight risk, or a danger to herself or others, or the child's parent 
does not wish the child to be released."

   He said he was looking into whether the court could block deportation of 
parents until they have been reunited with their children, and whether it could 
force the Trump administration to reunite those separated.

   In 2015, a federal judge in Los Angeles expanded the terms of the 
settlement, ruling that it applies to children who are caught with their 
parents as well as to those who come to the U.S. alone. Other recent rulings, 
upheld on appeal, affirm the children's rights to a bond hearing and require 
better conditions at the Border Patrol's short-term holding facilities.

   In 2016, the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that child migrants who 
came to the border with parents and were held in custody must be released. The 
decision did not state parents must be released. Neither, though, did it 
require parents to be kept in detention, apart from their children.


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